Moving beyond the scope of a single city, it is necessary to define an overarching standard to assess the efficacy of the local government in its management of this transition.  The city government’s role in managing the transition to a low-carbon economy is one of uniting and guiding the actions of the city’s industrial, business and residential sectors. The International Energy Agency, has identified three pillars underpinning societal consensus on and pursuit of energy efficiency: enabling frameworks, institutional arrangements, and co-ordination mechanisms.

A framework by which the governance of low-carbon cities can be evaluated, should consider the following issues: (1) purpose, whether the city has developed a low-carbon city plan and concrete carbon reduction targets; (2) architecture, whether agencies have been assigned to oversee low-carbon city development; (3) mechanisms, whether policy tools facilitating the transition to a low-carbon city have been implemented; (4) actors, whether a wide range of stakeholders have been mobilized to pursue the goal of a low-carbon city; and (5) local innovation, as there is no unified solution for the creation of a low-carbon city, varying  local conditions must be taken into account ,therefore, local innovation is encouraged in the cities’ efforts to transition to a low-carbon model.